The English Angora is the one most commonly kept as a pet, and is the smallest of the breeds. It is characterized by large tufts of fur on the entire face save the nose, which is a trait that is more of less unique to that breed. Facial trimmings, as they are called, are found in other breeds, but not to the extent as in the English.
The history of the Angora Rabbit dates back to the 18th century, when it was believed to be imported to France from Turkey. (Ankara, the capital of Turkey, was called Angora from 1073 until 1930. This also the origin of Angora Cats and Goats) The rabbits appeared in the encyclopedia in France for the first time in 1765, and the French were the first to really capitalize on the rabbits commercially. Angoras soon became prized for their lovely hairs which can be easily harvested either with scissors, or by simply plucking out strands during their natural molting. Despite their long history in Europe, they didn't appear in the United States till the early 1900s.
|All images from PlusPets|
Thanks Austin for the suggestion!